"Saxon" Citadels

To populate the country and make plug for the raids of the Tartars, and later the Turks, the king of Hungary favored from the 12th century the colonization of the Southeast of the Transylvania by German-speaking populations which imported their knowledge and their architecture by creating numerous villages. To protect itself from invasions, they raised around the church of the citadels with which every family kept foods and could take refuge. From the end of the second world war, then the end of the communism, the country strongly became depopulated, the inhabitants returning to Germany. Villages in the mixedpopulations (Rumanian, "Saxon", Gypsies) and hundred of these spectacular citadels with their watchtowers, their systems of defence and the buildings organized stay to support attacks.




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